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Sunday, June 13, 2010

ORGANS IN THE BODY QUADRANTS AND REGIONS

Body Quadrants and Regions
-A scheme commonly used by medical personnel divides the abdominopelvic cavity into four or less equal regions called quadrants 

FOUR ABDOMINAL QUADRANTS

RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT
• Liver
• Gallbladder
• Duodenum
• Head of the pancreas
• Right Adrenal gland
• Upper lobe of right kidney
• Hepatic flexure of colon
• Section of ascending colon
• Section of transverse colon

RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT
• Lower lobe of right kidney
• Section of ascending colon
• Right fallopian tube (female)
• Right ovary (female)
• Part of uterus (if enlarged)
• Right spermatic cord (male)
• Cecum
• Appendix
• Right ureter

LEFT UPPER QUADRANT
• Left lower part of liver
• Upper lobe of left kidney
• Splenic flexure of colon
• Section of transverse colon
• Section of descending colon
• Stomach
• Spleen
• Pancreas
• Left Adrenal gland

LEFT LOWER QUADRANT
• Lower lobe of left kidney
• Section of descending colon
• Left spermatic cord (male)
• Part of uterus (if enlarged)
• Sigmoid colon
• Left ureter
• Left ovary (female)
• Left fallopian tube (female)

NINE ABDOMINAL REGIONS

RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC
• Right lobe of liver
• Gallbladder
• Part of duodenum
• Hepatic flexure of colon
• Upper half of right kidney
• Suprarenal gland

EPIGASTRIC
• Aorta
• Pyloric end of stomach
• Part of duodenum
• Pancreas
• Part of liver

LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC
• Stomach
• Spleen
• Tail of pancreas
• Splenic flexure of colon
• Upper half of left kidney
• Suprarenal gland

RIGHT LUMBAR
• Ascending colon
• Lower half of right kidney
• Part of duodenum and jejunum

UMBILICAL
• Omentum
• Mesentery
• Lower part of duodenum
• Part of jejunum and ileum

LEFT LUMBAR
• Descending colon
• Lower half of left kidney
• Part of jejunum and ileum

RIGHT INGUINAL/ILIAC
• Cecum
• Appendix
• Lower end of ileum
• Right ureter
• Right spermatic cord (male)
• Right ovary (female)

HYPOGASTRIC
• Ileum
• Bladder (if enlarged)
• Uterus (if enlarged)

LEFT INGUINAL/ILIAC
• Sigmoid colon
• Left ureter
• Left spermatic cord (male)
• Left ovary (female)

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